Cannabis, hemp, marijuana. These are all names for the same type of plant. While cannabis and smoking marijuana (which often has a high level of psychotropic THC) are still illegal in many countries, products based on hemp’s specific components are getting more and more attention.
The difference between cannabis in the form of opiates and its use in pharmacy is in the way of consumption. When hemp is used for therapeutic purposes, it is consumed orally – in that case, the patient doesn’t feel the intoxicating effects of this plant, which are amplified when exposed to high temperatures (this is what we call smoking marijuana).
In recent years, science has proven positive effects of cannabinoid (CBD) and its potential health effects. CBD oil made of cannabis has become accepted as a legitimate and safe cure for a number of health problems.
What is CBD?
Cannabinoids are soluble molecules that bind to cannabinoid receptors in the cells and release various cellular changes. Cannabidiol belongs to phytocannabinoids, that is, those of plant origin. Industrial hemp, from which is obtained the highest quality oil, is a species that has a large number of cannabinoids, of which CBD is predominant, a component that does not act psychoactive; what more, it balances the effect of THC.
CBD or cannabidiol has anti-inflammatory, antibiotic, antidepressant and antipsychotic effects. CBD works mildly sedative, protectively affects the nerve fibers, and lowers the blood pressure. This component is very effective against pain but without any intoxication. Cannabidiol suppresses immunity by reducing convulsions, inflammation, stress, and nausea.
Oil production process
CBD oil is obtained by processing the hemp’s stem or flowers during a method of pressing and decarboxilation. First, we get cold-pressed oil as a semi-product. It has a nutty taste, and a greenish, almost brown color. After additional industrial processing, the oil becomes colorless and the taste significantly changes.
Nutritional value of CBD oil
Except for cannabinoids, the CBD oil contains essential fatty acids, which benefits to our health were proven a long time ago. Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids are required for our organism to function properly, so the use of this oil is desirable even if there is no indication of any disease.
As for micronutrients, CBD oils abound with antioxidants, such as vitamins A, E, D, carotene and many more. The significance of these components is tremendous – because of them, this product has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
As for minerals, it contains phosphorus, zinc, iron, calcium, magnesium, etc. Its nutritional value is complemented by the fact that hemp oil is rich in proteins; almost a quarter of the amount is amino acids.
Since the oil made of cannabidiol has a minimum amount of THC psychotropic compound, its use doesn’t cause side effects, so its influences are generally considered therapeutic. CBD oil is not a narcotic, nor does it have any stimulating effect on our nervous system.
The first association on CBD oil is its benefits for patients diagnosed with cancer. Due to numerous cases of people who have cured or significantly reduced the consequences of the disease, this product has become popular, and the demand for it is continually rising.
Many studies have shown the positive effect of this alternative drug on patients who suffer from lung, throat, brain cancer, etc. Cannabinoids have the ability to “kill” malignant cells or to stop their growth by blocking blood flow to them. This way, healthy tissues are not damaged, and the regeneration process of damaged cells is not slowed down.
By stimulating specific receptors via phytocannabinoid from cannabis, it has been demonstrated that CBD oil enhances the functioning of the immune system and reduces the pain sensation. When CBD oil is used and processed in the body, it effectively increases the function of the endocannabinoid system, helping our body to regulate its functions in many different ways. Regular use of this product may reduce any chronic pain.
The human body produces substances called endocannabinoids, which function in a similar way to cannabinoids found in CBD oil. Cannabinoids show effects which can be useful for patients suffering Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis, for example. CBD oil can reduce painful gastrointestinal cramps as it relaxes muscles, and in this way facilitates the processes of digestion and elimination of harmful substances.
The benefit of this product to patients suffering from neurological diseases, such as Alzheimer’s or Parkinson’s, requires further examinations but the progress is definitely noticeable. Also, the anti-inflammatory effects of this oil have proven to be excellent for the care and recovery of the skin.
Is CBD oil legal?
CBD oil is obtained by processing industrial hemp. It is a type of cannabis which contains the least psychoactive substances. A great deal of confusion is caused by a component known as THC, which is one of the cannabinoids found in cannabis. However, there are several sorts of this plant, and the one we are writing about, industrial cannabis, contains the minimum amount of this substance, and its use should not be called into question. After all, many things are made of hemp, such as paper, clothes, etc. Why would its pharmaceutical use be a problem?
There are many controversies and suggestions about the use of these products. In some parts of the world, its cultivation and free sale are allowed; however, in most countries, these products are classified as narcotics, which is a mistake. That’s why CBD oil had a bad reputation. Luckily, in the last few years, this has changed; now, its effectiveness in the treatment of many diseases is highlighted, as well as preventative properties.
Why is it important to commercialize this product?
Science is on the side of CBD oil. Given that medicine demonstrated positive effects of cannabis (or its components) on human health, these products are applied in treatments or added to conventional healing. It’s meant for its use to be allowed and to make this medicine available in legal forms. In this way, the black market would be reduced as well as the unauthorized sale and abuse of hemp products.